Different types of sleep disorders keep people wake up and prevent proper sleep. Sleep disorders range from the common, self-correcting issues to physical and neurological disorders. Sleep disorders prevent people from resting properly whether it’s getting to sleep, staying in bed or cycling through the staging of sleep. Sleep is significant to the bodies power to heal, to process information, to break down, to relax and to function. While a person can stay wake up for days on end, they will quickly suffer the debilitating effects of sleep deprivation such as a breakdown in cognitive functions, weight gain and a drained immune system. Sleep disorders are about more than missing one night of sleep here or there, shallow sleep syndrome and weight gain sleep disorders indicate a persistent inability to rest.
Apnea sleep disorders are related with the breathing issues. Hypopnea malady indicates very superficial or slow breathing while sleeping. The superficial breathing can sound like wheezing or mild gasping and reduces the level of oxygen saturation in the blood. The heart must pump harder to get enough oxygen. Obstructive snore is typically caused by a physical defect or weakness in the soft tissue of the tonsils. While sleeping, a person with OSA will periodically cease breathing due to the soft tissue collapsing and blocking the airway. They will experience an arousal to waking, gasping and choking for air. The arousal problems occur more than once when asleep although the patient may only remember one in five of the waking problems. Obstructive snore may be adjusted by surgery. Central snore is caused by a neurological problem. The brain doesn’t send the right messages to the muscles controlling your breathing. Causes of central snore are related to neurological diseases, stroke, surgery and spinal damage. Primary snoring differs from the snoring associated with apnea disorders. Most people snore at one point or another. Physical causes of snoring add a deviated septum, hypertrophy of the adenoids, swollen tonsils, tongue enlargement and a small oropharynx. Colds and allergies also cause snoring. Snoring alone is not indicative of a sleep disorder, but snoring are able to keep other people wake up.
Movement disorders interrupt sleep patterns and the ability of the body to achieve the different staging sleep because physically they are moving or acting. The physical action may wake them up or prevent them from sleeping. The most well known movement sleep disorder is restless legs malady (RLS). RLS causes an irresistible urge to shift or move the legs. People who experience RLS complain of a crazy, crawly or pins and needles sensation. RLS patients often suffer from seasons limb movement disorder (PLMD) which then sudden jerking of the arms or legs while sleeping. Occasionally a person’s leg or arm will twitch as their muscles relax, but PLMD causes persistent and involuntary activities that can snazzy jerk them wake up. Bruxism is the grinding or clenching of the teeth while an individual is sleeping. The disorder can cause dental problems, headaches and general ache of the jaw. Somnambulism is another movement disorder that is neurological in nature. Sleepwalking can cause a person to get up and engage in day to day activities without any comprehension of what they are doing. Sleepwalkers experience unexplained injuries and physical tiredness related to not resting properly. The last sleep movement disorder involves a lack of movement or sleep paralysis. The paralysis affects the physical body for the short term just before falling asleep or upon waking. A person with sleep paralysis usually experiences visual, tactile or auditory hallucinations and are usually suffering from narcolepsy. Narcolepsy is a disorder where a person falls in bed suddenly and inexplicable, during normal waking hours.
Other sleep disorders that affect people include rapid eye movement behavior disorder (RBD), delayed sleep phase malady (DSPS), night terrors, parasomnia and situational circadian habit sleep disorder. RBD causes patients to act out their dramatic or violent dreams while sleeping. For example, a person daydreaming about punching a monster in a bad dream may physically lash out with a first. Night terrors vary from nightmares in that they cause severe, unexpected arousal from sleep experience terror. A child who experiences night terrors may wake shouting and unable to accept comfort. Many patients who experience night terrors do not remember them upon waking, but do experience day sleepiness and stress associated with the physical terror response. Night terrors are believed a parasomnia as is sleep walking and talking during sleep. DSPS involves an abnormal circadian habit. The natural circadian habit involves waking in daylight hours and sleeping at night. A person with DSPS experiences difficulty sleeping at night and being wake up during the day. A natural recourse for DSPS patients is to work off hours in order to facilitate their career with their waking hours. Situational circadian habit sleep disorder is dissimilar in that it is experienced by people who have a normal circadian habit who are impacted by external, environmental factors. A person working third shift regularly who struggles to stay wake up when they want to sleep.
If a person suspects they are susceptible to a sleep disorder, it is important to bring the information to the attention of a physician. Everyone experiences an occasional sleepless night, but persistent day sleepiness, difficulty sleeping or snoring may indicate a sleep disorder